Museum ‘Fossils and Minerals of Morocco’
The first floor, dedicated to the Earth, brings together the Museum of Minerals and Fossils collection dedicated to the mineralogical diversity of Morocco. There is a magnificent collection of fossils from Morocco (the oldest dating back to 560 million years) including a beautiful specimen of plesiosaur, a marine reptile living 160 million years ago.
The mineral collection is divided into eight classes according to their chemical composition and crystalline structure: Native elements – Sulphides and Halides – Oxides – Carbonates – Sulphates – Vanadate and Phosphates – Silicates. There is also a collection of fluorescent stones and an exhibit dedicated to volcanoes.
A showcase is reserved for meteorites, including the Tamdakht meteorite and especially fragments of the Martian meteorite discovered in October 2011 in Tissint (Province of Tata – southern Morocco) It is more precisely a shergottite, that is to say a representative of one of the three great classes of Martian meteorites.